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[L état le pouvoir le socialisme] Ô BOOK By Nicos Poulantzas –

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The antidote to anarchist and liberal foolish regarding the state Poulantzas final work remains a vital contribution to the general understanding of how political

power takes shape 
takes shape functions This is perhaps one of the best abstract theoretical accounts of what the state is from a Marxist perspective I have read At the same time Poulantzas suffers from a few ey issues 1 Like most male Marxists he really doesn t do than pay lip service to feminism and the role of gender It would have been better if he could systematically theorizes his isolated comments on feminism and the role of gender It would have been better if he could systematically theorizes his isolated comments on role of gender relations in political powerthe state but he doesn t What he do Yes the state is heterogeneous Yes yes yes I share Stuart Hall s disappointment that Poulantzas died before giving us the ultimate critiue of Foucault For one wishing to experience one of the most sophisticated theories of the State from a Marxist perspective start with this book which is admittedly one of his easier to understand texts and work backwards Sometimes its a slog especially when he talks about the nation but Poulantzas sets out a comprehensive analysis of the nature of the capitalist State which I believe is a valuable analytical and prescriptive tool for us today An extremely theoretical text from the 1970s about the nature of the capitalist state and its relationship to class struggle and the nature of power There are some pretty interesting and useful concepts and ideas in here such as the general idea that struggles in society at large always have an impact within the state and that the state is absolutely riddled with all inds of contradictions and various forms of in fighting between not just the working class and the capitalists but also between different capitalist fractions But this is not a casual read be prepared to put a lo. Developing themes of his earlier works Poulantzas here advances a vigorous critiue of contemporary Marxist theories of the state ar.
Lignin Biodegradation
L état le pouvoir le socialismeHe ey move that comes in WHICH RESTORES THE ESSENCE OF THE restores the essence of the system is that in fact once constituted on the basis of capitalist social relations the state effectively becomes constitutive of how those relations operate to the point of inscribing classes on real individuals and so on Thus far from being a rejection of the essence of Hegel s metaphysical thinking on the state where the state constitutes the real individuals of civil society Poulantzas simply repeats it although wrapped in different language The state ends up being granted remarkable independent powers to shape civil society and the economy and its social basis soon disappears from view State and civil society end up BEING NOT SIMPLY PART OF A WIDER UNITY BUT not simply part of a wider unity but effectively portrayed as something close to an identityBy way of contrast Marx recognises that Hegel s view of an inverted relationship between state and society was not the product of a theoretical error but because Hegel described the fetishised form in which that relationship actually occurs while the underlying essence is that the secret of the state is the civil society from which it is abstractedSo for Althusser all social struggles traverse the state and the task of socialists is to be inside the state in order to transform society by working to tip the balance of forces in a favourable direction state in order to transform society by working to tip the balance of forces in a favourable direction strategic outlook in fact treats the subaltern social actors in civil society as at best an obedient servant of the Left of the political class right down to having to defend a Left government s efforts to maintain the health of the capitalist economy so as to prevent capitalist economic collapse In the end Poulantzas merely recapitulates the political point of view that Marx was so scathing of relegating the real movement of society to a secondary playe. Apparatus of the stateThis new edition includes an introduction by Stuart Hall which critically appraises Poulantzas’s achieveme.

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T of energy and focus into reading it otherwise you re not gonna get much out of it And its also probably best if you have some nowledge about the state of politics and political economy in Europe in the 1960s and 19760s since that is what the text is referencing albeit in a very abstract and philosophical way I wish some time was spent with certain ideas and less with others but the appraisals here are excellent especially its expansive but precise rendering of the state and the breadth of its strategic field the insistence on ultimately relating power To The Social Division the social division labor its een eye for the intellectual division of labor reproduced within the state apparatus and the sections on the political effects of alterations in breakdown of functions between government party and administration The brilliant puncturing of bourgeois appreciation of the law also leave one begging for Strangely the final remarks on dual power seem underdeveloped which seems odd considering how much weight Poulantzas clearly wants them to hold Dense at times but largely provoking and difficult to disagree with some of his clarifications on certain common repetitions in Marxist thought Nicos Poulantzas s final book represents an odd melange of coming a position that is less Althusser and Marx and yet drawing conclusions that seem to take him further Marx s communist commitments What he does at the beginning of SPS is to bring the necessity of considering the state and politics as being the product of the social relations of production rather than seeing them being independent except in the last instance of economic forces as Althusser did The result is that the early sections of the book read like the Young Marx on his critiue of politics just with the Hegelian language taken outHowever Guing against a general theory of the state and identifying forms of class power crucial to socialist strategy that goes beyond the.